Gynecomastia is a common condition where the male breast gland tissues become enlarged. This can affects infants, adolescents, middle aged men and even at times older men. Gynecomastia is caused byu an imbalance in the hormonal levels in the body releasing more estrogen companied to the androgen levels. Gynecomastia can also be as a result of side effects caused by medication or drug abuse. The condition has been associated with many medical conditions including chronic kidney failures among many others.
Gynecomastia is treatable. One can undergo surgery or get medication to help balance the hormonal levels. Gynecomastia normally goes away within six months especially in pubertal males. The doctors often prefer observation and stopping any medication the person might be under. However, not all are luck enough that the condition goes away. Medication is usually effective in the early stages of gynecomasyia. This is because scarring often occurs after a period of 12 months. Once the scarring has occurred the medications are likely not to be effective. This then calls for surgical removal of the tissue.
There are few medications that have been used in the treatment of gynecomastia. Medication used in the treatment of breast cancer and other conditions have been used to treat gynecomastai, these are raloxifene and soltamox. These medicines have been approved by the food and drug administration but not approved for the treatment of gynecomastia.
The replacement of testosterone hormones in older men has been used to help balance the hormone production. This is not effective where the testosterone levels are normal. Others have used the estrogen receptor modulator, tamoxifen to reduce the breast size. The medication has not yet been able to entirely get rid of all the breast tissue. This medication is mainly give to people with severe or painful gynecomastia.
A drug called clomiphere gynecomastia can also been used to help treat the breast tissue. It is an antiestrogen drug that has helped 20% of the patients gets complete reduction of the breast size. The medicine can be used up to six months. A synthetic derived from testosterone called Danazol has been used to decrease the estrogen levels regulating the breast tissue inflammation. Its work is to inhibit the production of hormones by the sex organs. It is less used in the treatment of gynecomastia.
Many times medications are not effective calling for surgical treatments. Breast reduction has been used in cases where a person has severe case of gynecomastia, long term gynecomastia or was drugs have not worked. There are two surgical options liposuction and mastectomy. Liposuction removes the breast fat but not the breast gland while mastectomy removes the breast gland tissuesThere a few instances were gynecomastia come persistent. This is usually when the condition has been for more than a period of 12 months. This makes it impossible or hard to achieve any results. Few have undergone psychological problems were the breast enragement is so be that it causes embarrassment to the individual. The patients take therapy sessions and are advices to get surgical treatment in severe cases. It is always important to consult the doctor or a qualified physician on the treatment of gynecomastia.